More than 5,000 people are executed in China every year. Nevertheless, there aren’t official numbers because it is a State secret. Officially, 676 people were killed in twenty-one countries in 2011. Thirty one countries have abolished death penalty in the last ten years. However, it is still legal in fifty-eight countries. Why are people in favor and against death penalty?
On the one hand, people who justify capital punishment argue that if someone kills a person, she/he must be killed too. That way, they strongly believe justice can provide victims’ revenge. In other kind of crimes, they defend death penalty because they think they are killing two birds with one stone so this punishment could dissuade other criminals. Some governments support death sentences too, owing to it reduces the cost of keeping people imprisoned during their whole life.
On the other hand, the detractors of capital punishment affirm that nobody has the authority (neither ethical nor legal) to kill a person. Moreover, death penalty hasn’t been proved as a good way to prevent crimes. On the contrary, it could generate more violence. Last but not least, death sentences are irreversible and nobody should end a life without being completely sure about someone’s guilt (and that is almost impossible).
Justice isn’t always fair: guilty people are set free and innocent people are sentenced. For that reason, I don’t believe death penalty is the correct option to avoid violence and crime. In order to achieve it, for example, weapon laws must be hardened.